Amanda Lawrence and Daniel Choe recently had a research article accepted for publication at Infant Mental Health Journal.  The article, co-authored with Susan McDonough and Arnold Sameroff at the University of Michigan, reports a longitudinal study of 235 mostly middle class mothers and infants in southeast Michigan that collected data from families when children were 7 months, 15 months, and 33 months old.  Their results show that mothers’ parenting stress and social support at age 7 months in infancy predict the postnatal course of their depressive symptoms through infancy and toddlerhood, and that their heightened or increasing symptoms predict more behavior problems and worse vocabulary skills in their toddlers than toddlers whose mothers had fewer depressive symptoms that improved across early childhood. Click here to freely access a pre-print version of the research article.